In animal farming, what every farmer need to know is to study the principles of inheritance of animals. That is if you want to improve breeds of livestock. This is concerned with how animals inherit features from their ancestors. In genetics, it tries to identify which features are inherited and work out the details of how these features are passed from generation to generation.
Improving Breeds of Livestock
Animal genetics has a broad range of activities, specialties, and training. In the basic sciences, animal geneticist try to understand gene functions and how these affect important traits such as growth, reproduction, disease resistance, or behavior. Animal geneticist who map genes take the reverse approach; they observe and measure traits and try to find the genes that cause them.
As a farmer if you wants to improve you the genetics of your breeds of livestock you will have to consult animal geneticist with more mathematical and computer skills work in bioinformatics, where they will analyze and interpret the genetic code across the type of breed species you have. Animal geneticist relate what they learn about gene location and function in simple life forms such as worms, zebra fish, and fruit flies to more agriculturally relevant animals such as cattle, pigs’ chickens, turkeys, sheep, horses, fish, shellfish, or even honey bees.
These geneticist work with populations to understand evolution and forces changing our natural populations. These geneticist will teach you new mating strategies for crossbreeding or will use marker-assisted selection to improve a wide range of economically important traits.
When you are finding it difficult to locate some animal geneticists, well these are some places they might be working; animal pharmaceutical companies, breeding companies, breed associations for various commodities, hatcheries, universities or the federal government.
Companies hire geneticists to develop new drugs to combat diseases, Also develop methods to identify genetically superior animals. Design precision mating systems or precision management systems develop methods. That enable parentage and identity verification for traceability, manage our genetic resources, protect wildlife and ensure sustainably of animal resources. Colleges and universities may hire geneticists for all levels of research, teaching, and outreach.
Qualification of animal geneticist to improve your breeds of livestock
When you are looking for an animal geneticist you the farmer will have to make sure he/she has first earn a bachelor’s degree with broad training in across the sciences. The person could earn a degree in animal science, biology, biochemistry, poultry science, diary science, forestry, entomology, or conservation biology. You can also check to know if the person has a master’s degree or doctorate that is if you want a real specialist to do a good job for you.
As an animal breeder you will have to engage in genetic experiments each time there is a plan for mating. The type of mating that is selected will depend on the type of goal you want. For a farmer if you are much interested in breeds of animals you will to first understand. How to manipulate genes within your breeding stock to produce the kinds of animal you want. You the farmer will also need to understand the animal species. You need to also make sure that an appropriate and optimal environment is produced for raising the animals to maturity.